Guide for the month of Elul, 5779
Halacha and Prayer Service Guide
Anshei Lubavitch Congtregation
Fair Lawn, New Jersey
The month of Elul is called הרחמים חודש the Month of mercies. During thisperiod the heavenly Gates of Mercy are open, prayers ascend express to G-d’sattention, and are answered favorably. In Chasidic works this is likened to theKing in the field: when the king is in his palace, he remains in his innerchamber, and only the highest ministers have access to him, and then, only byappointment. But when the king is in the field, before he returns to hispalace, everyone is permitted – and able – to approach him, while he greetseveryone with a smile. We have this opportunity during the month of Elul; onceRosh HaShana arrives the King has returned to His palace, the Days of Awebegin, and it becomes more difficult to approach Him.
During this month it is customary to be extra scrupulous in reciting outprayers and performing our mitzvos. Tefillin and mezuzos that are due to beexamined should be attended to at this time.
Schedule ofHalachos and Prayers for Elul:
Shabbos August31, Parashas R’ei, Shabbos Rosh Chodesh: Candle Lighting time is 7:15 pm; Minchaat 7:15 pm. During the amida prayeradd ויבא יעלה for Rosh Chodesh on page 140. Latest time to recite Sh’ma is 9:37 am. During the morning amida prayer add ויבא יעלה on page 180. After repetition of the amida, Hallel is said, page 241, withomission of two paragraphs. Following the psalm for the day of Shabbos (pp182-183), the psalm for Rosh Chodesh נפשי ברכי, is added (pp 79-81), followedby the psalm for the penitential season אורי ה׳ לדוד (p 81). Two Torah scrollsare taken out. In the first we read the parasha of the week; in the second we readthe maftir for Rosh Chodesh. TheHaftara for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh is read instead of the regular Haftara. Forthe Mussaf amida, instead of theregular text, say the text below the double line on pages 194-196. During theMincha amida add ויבא יעלה on page207. After the repetition, add אורי ה׳ לדוד (p 81). After Mincha, say Chapter 5 of PirkeiAvos. During the Maariv amida addויבא יעלה (p 113)
The psalm forthe penitential season אורי ה׳ לדוד (p 81) is added at every Shacharis andMincha service throughout the month of Elul.
Ten blasts of the shofar aresounded after Shacharis each weekday during the month of Elul, to arouse thecongregation to teshuva and good deeds. Someone who did not attend the publicShacharis service should make an effort to blow or hear the shofar during theday.
Sunday Sept.1, 1 Elul, 2nd day of Rosh Chodesh: add ויבא יעלהin the Shacharis amida (p 57-58). Onthis day Chasidic custom is to begin reciting an additional 3 chapters of Tehillim to the regular chapters for theday of the month said at the end of Shacharis. Today’s chapters are 20, 1-9,followed by 1-3.
Monday Sept.2, 2 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 10-17 & 4-6.
Tuesday Sept. 3, 3 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 18-22 & 7-9.
WednesdaySept. 4, 4 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 23-28 & 10-12.
Thursday Sept.5, 5 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 29-34 & 13-15.
Friday Sept.6, 6 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 35-38 & 16-18. Candle Lightingtime is 7:03 pm; Mincha at 7:05 pm.
Shabbos Sept.7, Parashas Shof’tim, 7 Elul; Latest time for Sh’ma is 9:39 am. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 20, 39-43 & 19-21 After Mincha say Chapter6 of Pirkei Avos.
Sunday Sept.8, 8 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 44-48 & 22-24.
Monday Sept.9, 9 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 49-54 & 25-27.
Tuesday Sept.10, 10 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 55-59 & 28-30.
WednesdaySept. 11, 11 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 60-65 & 31-33.
Thursday Sept.12, 12 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 66-68 & 34-36.
Friday Sept.13, 13 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 69-71 & 37-39. Candle Lighting timeis 6:51 pm; Mincha at 6:55 pm.
Shabbos Sept.14, Parashas Ki Seitzei, 14 Elul: Latest time for Sh’ma is 9:41 am. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 20, 72-76 & 40-42. After the Haftara of the week the Haftara ofParashas R’ei (which was pre-empted by the Haftara of Rosh Chodesh) is added.After Mincha say Chapters 1 & 2 of Pirkei Avos.
Sunday Sept.15, 15 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 77-78 & 43-45.
Monday Sept.16, 16 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 79-82 & 46-48.
Tuesday Sept.17, 17 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 83- 87 & 49-51.
WednesdaySept. 18, 18 Elul: Birthdays of both the Baal Shem Tov (Founder of Chasidus), and R. Shneur Zalman of Liadi (the AlterRebbe), founder of Chabad. Today’s chapters of Tehillim are 88-89 & 52-54.
Thursday Sept.19, 19 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 90-96 & 55-57.
Friday Sept.20, 20 Elul: Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 97-103 & 58-60. Candle Lightingtime is 6:39 pm; Mincha is 6:40 pm.
Shabbos Sept.21, Parashas Ki Savo, 21 Elul. Latest time for Sh’ma is 9:44 am. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 20, 104-105 & 61-63. After Mincha say Chapters 3 & 4 of Pirkei Avos.
Selichos Beginningtonight the extra penitential Selichosfor Day 1 prayers are recited. For this first time the service is heldafter Shabbos, at midnight (12:45 amat Anshei Lubavitch). On the following days the service is held beforeShacharis (5:55 am) at AndheiLubavitch).
Sunday Sept.22, 22 Elul: One who did not say the Selichos service last nightshould say it privately before Shacharis. Today’s chapters of Tehillim are 106-107 & 64-66.
Monday Sept.23, 23 Elul. Selichos for Day 2. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 108-112 & 67-69.
Tuesday Sept.24, 24 Elul: Selichos for Day 3. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 113-118 & 70-72.
WednesdaySept. 25, 25 Elul: Selichos for Day 4.On today’sdate Creation of the universe began 5,779 years ago. Today’s chapters of Tehillim are 119 (verses 1-96) &73-75.
Thursday Sept.26, 26 Elul: Selichos for Day 5. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 119 (verses 97-176) & 76-78.
Friday Sept.27, 27 Elul: Selichos for Day 6. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 120-134 & 79-81. Candle Lightingis 6:28 pm; Mincha at 6:30 pm.
Shabbos Sept.28, Parashas Nitzavim, 28 Elul: As is usual on the Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh, theentire book of Tehillim is recited before Shacharis (8am at Anshei Lubavitch).This is the last opportunity for public Tehillim,and it is important to make an effort to attend. Latest time for Sh’ma is 9:46 amThe blessing for the Neew Month is not recited. According to Chasidictradition, G-d Himself blesses the month of Tishrei. Today’s chapters of Tehillim are 20, 135-139 & 82-84.After Mincha say Chapters 5 & 6 of Pirkei Avos.
Sunday Sept29, 29 Elul, Erev Rosh HaShana:Selichos for Erev Rosh HaShana. Tachanun isomitted. Today’s chapters of Tehillimare 20, 140-150 & 85-87. After Shacharis, the congregation divides toseparate groups of 11 to recite the נדריםהתרת, Annulment of Vows. During the afternoon it is customary for men andboys to immerse in the mikve to prepare spiritually for the holy days. Preparehoney for dipping the challa at the festival meals, and apples for the meal ofthe first evening. Also, a fruit that is new in season should be prepared forKiddush of the second evening.
CandleLighting is at 6:24 pm; Mincha at 6:25 pm. We wear our festival clothing on Rosh HaShana in honor ofthe holy day, and to rejoice in the confidence that G-d will judge us favorableand grant us a good, sweet, healthy and happy New Year.
טובה וחתימה כתיבה
May we be inscribed in the book of good judgement for a good New Year