Guide for the month of Tishrei, 5780
Halacha and Prayer Service Guide
Anshei Lubavitch Congregation
Fair Lawn, New Jersey
ROSH HASHANA TO YOM KIPPUR
Note: Page numbers in this section refer to pages in the Machzor for Rosh Hashana published by Merkos L’Inyonei Chinuch. Copies of the machzor are available for use in the synagogue.
Sunday Sept 29, 29 Elul, Erev Rosh HaShana: Candle lighting at 6:24 pm; Mincha at 6:25 pm. Blessings for candle lighting: see page 8. Men who are lighting the candles should not recite the blessing of Shehechiyanuat this time, as they will recite it שהחינו later at kiddush. If the candles were not lit at this time they may be lit later, at any time during the night. But once yomtov begins it is forbidden to strike a match or initiate any new flame, and so the candles can only be lit from a pre-existing flame. It is a good idea to light a 24-hour candle in addition to the regular yomtov candles, so that this flame can be used for lighting the candles tomorrow night.
Mincha: The service begins in the middle of page 11, until after the 3rd paragraph of page 21.
Maariv: The service begins at the bottom of page 25, until the Kaddish on page 36; omit the next 3 paragraphs and proceed to the last 2 lines Aleinu through the first line on top of page 38. After the service it is customary for everyone to wish his fellow Jew:
לשנה טובה תכתב ותחתםם
Leshonno tovoh tikkoseiv veseichoseim
May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year.
The Rosh HaShana evening meal: The table is set as for any festival, with one’s good dishes and tableware. Recite Kiddush over a cup of wine beginning with the 2nd paragraph on page 39 and the following 2 lines; omit the words in parentheses. Women who are reciting Kiddush
should not recite Shehechiyanu שהחינ since they already said it when lighting the candles. The ו blessing of HaMotzie is said over two loaves; it is customary to use המוציא round challa loaves during the Tishrei festivals. Instead of salt, the slices of challa are dipped in honey throughout the festival season, up umtil the 7th day of Sukkos. After eating the challa take an apple, dip it in honey, recite the last 2 lines on page 39, and eat. The festival meal should include fish, meat, and sweet foods. Foods prepared with vinegar are avoided. Idle chatter and frivolous behavior are avoided during the 48 hours of Rosh haShana, including during the meals. Every spare moment is spent in prayer, Torah study, and reciting Tehillim. During the blessings after the meal Yaale Veyovo .is inserted ויבא יעלה
Monday Sept 30, 1 Tishrei 5779 Daytime Services: The beginning of the Shacharis service (bottom of p 45 through p 58) is said at home. Be sure to recite the Sh’ma before 9:46 am.
The service at the synagogue begins promptly at 9:30 am with the Kaddish on p 59, through the silent Amida ending on p 94. On pp 82-83 recite only the narrower text, then omit the 2nd paragraph on page 84 and continue with the bottom paragraph. During the Amida prayer omit the paranthetical words which refer to Shabbos.
The Repetition of the Amida begins on p 95. On pp 95-97 and pp 101-105 only the text above the line is recited on the first day. Numerous passages are recited responsively, alternating between the chazan and the congregation. These will be announced during the service. The Ark is opened several times during the Amida repetition. While some people have the custom to stand whenever the Ark is open, those who do not have this personal custom do not have to do so. Standing is required only when a Torah scroll is removed from the Ark. After the repetition Avinu Malkeinu מלכנו אבינו is said while standing.
The Psalm for the day of Monday (top of p 114) is said, then the last paragraph on p 112 and the Psalm for the penetential season on p. 113 are said, followed by mourners’ Kaddish.
Torah Reading: The aliyos and other honors are sold at auction. Two Torah scrolls are removed from the Ark (pp 116-118). Five people are called to the blessings over the Torah reading in the first scroll (above the line, pp 119-121). Reading from the second scroll is at bottom of page 121. Haftara reading is above the line on pp. 122-124. Blessings after the Haftara on p. 125. Omit the last paragraph on p. 125 and all of p. 126.
Shofar: Blowing of the Shofar will take place at approximately 11:45 am. The paragraph at the top of p. 127 is said 7 times. The following lines are read reponsively, alternating between the chazan and the congregation. The chazan recites the blessings at the bottom of p. 127. Everyone should listen attentively and respond amein to each of the two blessings. Do not respond baruch Hu uvaruch Shemo. From this point on it is forbidden to speak anything besides the prayers until the final shofar blasts at the end of the service. Thirty shofar blasts are sounded now. Then the next 3 lines are said responsively with chazan and congregation, followed by Ashrei (p. 128).
Musaf: The chazan chants the prayer at the bottom of p. 129 followed by Kaddish at the top of p. 130. The silent Amida begins on p. 130 through p. 139. Omit the parenthetical words that refer to Shabbos. There are three pauses during the silent Amida; each time 10 shofar blasts are sounded: 1) before the last paragraph on p. 134; 2) before the last paragraph on p. 136; 3) 2/3 way down p. 138.
Repetition of the amida begins at the bottom of p. 139. General instructions are the same as for the repetition of Shacharis (see above). On pp. 140-143 recite the text above the line on the first day. During the Aleinu paragraph (bottom of p. 149) the chazan kneels and bows in the manner that was done in the Temple at Jerusalem. Male congregants are also encouraged to do so. One must not kneel directly on the bare floor tiles; some colth of paper must be put down to intervene. Ten shofar blasts are sounded three times during the repetition: 1) bottom of p. 152; 2) top of p. 156; 3) bottom of p. 158.
Priestly Blessing: After the last shofar blasts mentioned above, the Kohannim and Leviyyim go out for the ritual hand washing. The Kohannim ascend the stage at the front, raise their hands in the traditional manner, and bless the congregation (middle of p. 160).
Conclusion: During the Kaddish said by the chazan (p. 162) a final 10 shofar blasts are sounded. The service continues with Ein Keiloheinu (p. 162) through the mourners’ Kaddish on p. 165. Today’s chapters of Tehillim are 20, 1-9, 88-90.
Mincha: Mincha will be at 6:00 pm. The service begins at the top of p. 184, through the top 3⁄4 of p. 188. Then continue with the silent Amida at bottom of p. 190 to p. 195, omittiing the parenthetical words referring to Shabbos. The chazan repeats the Amida, followed by Avinu Melkeinu pp 195-197; Psalm for the penitential season (top of p. 198), and Aleinu.
Tashlich: Following Mincha there is a parade to a nearby body of water where the Tashlich ceremony is recited (pp. 200-201). Once again, idle chatter and frivolous behavior are avoided at this time. At the end of the Tashlich service, men and boys shake the fringes of their tzitzis.
Maariv Second night: Maariv is at 7:20 pm. The service is the same as the first night.
Candle Lighting: Light candles not before nightfall 7:21 pm. Candles should be lit only from a pre-existing glame (see instructions for first day). A fruit that is new in season is placed on the table before candle lighting; when saying Shehechiyanu have in mind that this blessing שיחינו
covers the new fruit that will be eaten later at the meal. Men who are lighting the candles should nor recite the blessing of Shehechiyanu at this time, as they will recite it later, at שהחינו kiddush.
The Rosh HaShana evening meal: Same as for the first evening (see above). When saying Shehechiyanu at the שיחינוKiddush, have in mind that this blessing covers the new fruit. After Kiddush, recite the appropriate blessing and eat the new fruit. The challa is dipped in honey. The
apple-in-honey ceremony is not repeated.
Tuesday Oct. 1, 2 Tishrei 5779 Daytime Services: The service for the second day is the same as the first day with the following exceptions: (Be sure to recite the Sh’ma before 9:47 am)
Repetition of the Shacharis Amida: pp. 95-97 and 101-105 say the text below the line.
Torah reading: below the line on pp. 119-121; Haftara below the line pp. 122-124
Psalm for the Day: say the Psalm for Tuesday, p. 114.
Repetiton of the Mussaf Amida: pp. 140-143 recite the text below the line.
Today’s chapters of Tehillim are 20, 10-17, 91-93.
The Tashlich ceremony is not repeated today.
Micha/Maariv: The festival concludes at 6:20 pm, pp 202-211.
The Ten Penitential Days
Pagenumbers in this section refer to the regular Tehillas HaShem Siddur inuse in our synagogue.
Duringthe weekdays between Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippur there are a few changes in theweekday prayer services:
Lastparagraph of Kaddish: say osehasholom עושה השלום instead of Ose Sholom עושה שלום.
Page42: Add the paragraph below the line שירהמעלות before the half-Kaddish.
Amida for Shacharis(pp 50-61), Mincha (pp. 97-102) and Maariv (pp. 110-116): Followthe changes and insertions for these days, as instructed in the siddur.
AvinuMalkeinu: During Tachanun each day at Shacharis (4thparagraph.on p. 68) and Mincha (top of p. 105), the short version of AvinuMalkeinu אבינו מלכנו is replaced by the long version (pp. 277-279).
Wecontinue saying the Psalm for the penitential season (p. 81) each day atShacharis and Mincha.
WednesdayOct. 2, 3 Tishrei 5779: צום גדליה Fast of Gedalia: This fast commemorates the assasination of Gedalia benAchikam, the Governor of Judea during the Babylonian occupation. After thisassasination, all traces of Jewish autonomy in the Holy Land came to an enduntil the restoration of the Jewish comonwealth seven decades later. Fastbegins at dawn 5:28 am, and ends at nightfall 7:05 pm. Prayerservices are the same as for weekdays of the ten penitential days. At Shacharisafter Tachanun (p. 68, before Avinu Malkeinu) the Selichosservice is added. Since our custom is to say it at this point rather thanbefore Shacharis, certain sections of the printed text are omitted.Specific instruction of what to omit will be provided during the service.Today’s Tehillim chapters are 18-22, 94-96.
ThursdayOct. 3, 4 Tishrei: Today’s Tehillimchapters are 23-28, 97-99.
FridayOct. 4, 5 Tishrei: Today’s Tehillimchapters are 29-34, 100-102.
FridayEvening: Light Candles at 6:16pm. Mincha at 6:20 pm. Regular Shabbos Services, withinsertions/changes for the ten penitential days as instructed in the siddur.
ShabbosOct 5, 6 Tishrei: Today is the 55th yahrtzeitof Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson, mother of the Lubavitcher Rebbe. ThisShabbos is called Shabbos Teshuva. The Torah portion is VaYeilech, andthe haftara is שובה ישראל Shuva Yisroel. Regular Shabbos Services, withinsertions/changes for the ten penitential days as instructed in the siddur.Today’s Tehillim chapters are 20, 35-38, 103-105.
SundayOct. 6, 7 Tishrei: Today’s Tehillimchapters are 39-43, 106-108.
MondayOct. 7, 8 Tishrei: Today’s Tehillimchapters are 44-48, 109-111.
Kapporos: It is an old Jewish custom to perform this ceremony on orbefore the eve of Yom Kippur. Each person takes a live chicken (a rooster for amale and a hen for a female) and recites a few verses and a prayer (p. 296)three times while holding the chicken and gently rotating it over one’s head 3times each recitation (total nine times). The chicken is later slaughtered andkoshered, and the meat donated to the poor. The cost of the chicken is alsodonated to charity. If live chickens are not available, any othe kosher birds(except pigeons or doves) or even a fish may be used. At Anshei Lubavitch livechickens will be available Monday evening from 6:00 pm to 8:00 pm.
TuesdayOct. 8, 9 Tishrei, Erev Yom Kippur:During today’s Shacharis service the paragraph מזמור לתודה ( MizmorLesoda) p. 31, is omitted. Tachanun and Avinu Malkeinu arenot said. After Shacharis it is customary for an official of thesynagogue to distribute slices of honey cake to the congregants. The cake iseaten this morning. Each congregant should ask for the cake before receivingit. This symbolises that if it be (G-d forbid) decreed that during the year wemust go begging for food, we have already fulfilled the decree by asking forthe cake. Honey cake symbolises our expectation of a sweet new year. Thismorning’s Tehillim chapters are 20, 49-54, 112-114.
Before Minchaon Erev Yom Kippur it is customary to receive symbolic lashes, the onereceiving the lashes kneels on the floor facing north (a cloth or paper shouldbe placed between the knees and the floor). The one administering the lashesdoes so with a leather belt. Thirty-nine symbolic lashes are administered ingrouips of three: one on the right shoulder, one on the left shoulder, and onein the middle of the back. Wile doing so, both recite the verse והוא רחום veHurachum… (bottom of p. 32). Then it is customary to immerse in a mikveto prepare spiritually for the Holy Day.
Mincha: will be at 1:45 pm. Regular weekday Mincha with insertions/changes asinstructed in the siddur. The service is in the Machzor for YomKippur, middle of p. 4 to p. 18. The confession prayers are added in thesilent Amida, but are not repeated during the repetition.
FinalMeal: The final meal before the fastshould consist of light foods: soup and fowl, not heavy or spicy meats. It iscustomary not to eat fish during this meal. The challa is dipped inhoney. The meal must be completed at the latest a few minutes beforesunset, 6:25 pm in Fair Lawn.
Blessingthe Children: After the meal, each fatherblesses his children. Each child is blessed separately; it is customary to usethe text of the Priestly blessing (Siddur, middle of p. 268). Some havethe custom that the father plces his hands on top of the child’s head. Evenadult children are customarily blessed by their father.
CandleLighting: No later than 6:09 pm.Blessings for Candle Lighting are found in the Machzor bottom of p. 18.men who are lighting the candles do not recite שהחינו Shehechiyanu, asthey will say it later, before Maariv. In addition to the yomtovcandles, each married man lights two candles that will burn during the entire24 hours of Yom Kippur,
Pagenumbers mentioned from this point on refer to the Machzor for Yom Kippur,published by Merkos L’Inyonei Chinuch. Copies of the machzor areavailable for use in the synagogue.
There arefive restrictions that apply during the entire day of Yom Kippur, from beforesunset on Erev Yom Kippur to after nightfall at the end of Yom Kippur:1) all eating and drinking is forbidden. 2) Bathing or washing any part of thebody, even without soap; 3) appying ointments, cremes, or oils to the body; 4)wearing shoes that are made, even partly, of leather (slippers, sneakers, etcthat contain no leather may be worn); 5) marital relations, including all formsof physical intimacy. In case of illness or urgent necessity, consult the rabbiconcerning when and how some of these restrictions may be eased. Of course, theabove Yom Kippur restrictions are in addition to the regular workactivities forbidden on every Shabbos.
It iscustomary for married men to wear a white robe (kittel) during YomKippur. A bridegroom who was married during the past year and wore a kittelat his wedding chuppa does not wear it this first Yom Kippur.
TuesdayEvening, Oct. 8 Kol Nidrei: The YomKippur Eve service begins at 6:05 pm. Before the service, repeatprivately the Confession prayer, pp. 12-16. Also say Tehillim chapters115-123. Three Torah scrolls are removed from the Ark. The service begins on p.23. The chazan chants Kol Nidrei כל נדרי three times. Then the chazansings venislach ונסלח top of p. 24 three times; this is thenrepeated by the congregation three times. The chazan chants the next twolines, and the congregations says the following line three times. Shehechiyanuשהחינו is said. Women and girls who recited it at candle lighting should notrepeat it now.
Maariv continues top of p. 28 to middle of p. 41. Omit theparenthetical references to Shabbos in the Amida. The poetic liturgybegins middle of p. 42 to p. 57. Avinu Malkeinu אבינו מלכנו is said. Omitthe paragraph for Shabbos, middle of p. 60. The first four chapters of tehillimare said (pp. 62-63), followed by mourners’ Kaddish.
Tehillim: it is our custom for the congregation to remain after Maarivto recite the entire book of Tehillim. Please make every effort tojoin us for this important prayer. The recitation goes fairly quickly,taking less than 90 minutes. Those unable to keep up with the fast pace may sayit at their own pace, and need not keep up with the chazan. If mournersare present, Kaddish is said after each book; otherwise one Kaddishis said by the chzazan at the very end.
Beforegoing to sleep recite Tehillim chapters 124-132.
Wednesday,Oct. 9, 10 Tishrei Shacharis: Besure to recite the Sh’ma before 9:50 am. Hands are washedonly up to the second knuckle, in keeping with the Yom Kippur restrictions. Thebeginning prayers are said at home, as described above for Rosh HaShana. Theservice at the synagogue begins promptly at 9:30 am on page 78. On pages101-102 say the narower text, then continue with the bottom paragraph on p.103. During the Amida (pp. 108-116) omit the parenthetical references toShabbos. Repetition of the Amida (pp. 116-139) follows the same formatas described above for the first day of Rosh HaShana. Avinu Malkeinu issaid (pp. 139-141). Psalm for the Day of Wednesday (pp. 143-144), then middleof p. 142, and the Psalm for the penitential season.
TorahReading: The aliyos and other honors aresold at auction. Then all join in with contributions towards the Haftaraof Yonah with which the rabbi will be honored at Mincha. A generousbenefactor matches the contributions, so each dollar contributed equals twodollars in support of the congregation’s programs. Two scrolls are removed fromthe Ark, pp. 145-147. Six men are called to say the blessings for the readingfrom the first scroll, pp.148-149. Reading from the second scroll is on p. 150.The Haftara is on pp. 150-151.
Yizkor: The memorial prayers will be said at approximately 12:00 pm. Those whose parents are living leave the sanctuarybriefly while Yizkor is being said (p. 154). The Torah scrolls arereturned to the Ark.
Musaf: The chazan chants the prayer on p. 156. The silent Amidais on pp. 156-164; omit the references to Shabbos. Repetition of the Amidabegins on p. 165. The liturgical poetry follows the same format as describedfor Rosh HaShana. During Aleinu (p. 177) the chazan andcongregation kneel as described for Mussaf of Rosh HaShana. On pages178-187 we say the Avoda text, describing in detail the Yom Kippursacrificial service in the Temple at Jerusalem. During this recital, the chazanand congregation kneel and bow an additional three times. Next come alphabeticpoetic passages describing the beauty of the Temple service, and mourning theloss thereof (pp. 187-192). Pages 192-194 poetically mourn the deaths of tenmartyred rabbis who were cruelly murdered by the Roman tyrants. The servicecontinues to page 203.
PriestlyBlessing: See above, first day of RoshhaShana.
Tehillim after Mussaf: Chapters 20, 55-59, 133-141.
There isa break between Mussaf and Mincha.
Mincha: begins at 4:30 pm. Page 211. A Torah scroll isremoved from the Ark (pp 214-215). The Torah reading is on pp. 215-216. The haftaraon pp. 216-219. After the scroll is returned to the Ark, the silen Amidais on pp.219-228. Omit references to Shabbos. Repetition of the Amida on pp. 229-243. Follows the usual format for reciting the liturgical poetry. AvinuMalkeinu on pp. 243-245. Psalm for the penitential season, p. 246.Mourners’ Kaddish.
Neila, the Concluding Prayer: pp. 247-249. Silent Amida pp. 249-254, omit references to Shabbos.Repetition of the Amida pp. 255-268. Avinu Malkeinu pp. 268-269.First Line on p. 270 is said aloud by the chazan and repeated aloud bythe congregation. The second line is said three times by the chazanfollowed by the congregation. The third line is said seven times. The chazanbegins the Kaddish. In the middle of the Kaddish, thecongregation sings the traditional jouyous melody, Napoleon’s March.The shofar is sounded, and the chazan concludes the Kaddish. Theservice continues pp. 270-273. Recite Tehillim chapters 142-150.Mourners’ Kaddish.
Maariv: pp, 276-286. The service is not over until after Maariv.Please do not leave before reciting this first weekday prayer after theAtonement services.
Havdala: The Havdalaceremony pp. 286-287. is performed in the Kiddush area outside thesanctuary. The flame is lit from a flame that has been burning since before YomKippur. Before Havdala wash the hands by pouring water over them threetimes alternately. After Havdala some light refreshment will be servedto break the fast.
KiddushLevana: If the moon is visible, theSanctification of the Moon (pp. 287-292) ceremony is recited outside in theparking lot.
Go and eat your bread in joy, andKohelles 9:7
drink your wine with good heart,
for G-d has accepted your service.